What Are Chronic Lower Respiratory Diseases?

What are the chronic respiratory diseases?

Chronic respiratory diseases are chronic diseases of the airways and other parts of the lung.

Some of the most common are asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung cancer, cystic fibrosis, sleep apnea and occupational lung diseases..

What are some diseases of the lower respiratory system?

Lower respiratory tract infections are any infections in the lungs or below the voice box. These include pneumonia, bronchitis, and tuberculosis. A lower respiratory tract infection can affect the airways, such as with bronchitis, or the air sacs at the end of the airways, as in the case of pneumonia.

What’s the worst lung disease?

Unlike asthma, COPD is not reversible. According to the American Lung Association, COPD is the third leading cause of death in the U.S. Dr. Meyer identifies COPD as one of the most serious and dangerous respiratory illnesses, and COPD is the number one problem seen in most pulmonology offices.

What is chronic lower respiratory diseases caused by?

Risk factors for chronic respiratory diseases include tobacco smoking (including second-hand smoke), air pollution, allergens and occupational risks. Outdoor air pollution and indoor air pollution (often caused by cooking with solid fuels) are also common causes.

How is lower respiratory tract infection treated?

MedicationsNonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, naproxen, or aspirin can relieve pain and fever.Acetaminophen can also provide relief from pain and fever.Using a bronchodilator inhaler can help wheezing and shortness of breath.More items…

What are the 5 diseases of the respiratory system?

The Top 8 Respiratory Illnesses and DiseasesAsthma. … Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) … Chronic Bronchitis. … Emphysema. … Lung Cancer. … Cystic Fibrosis/Bronchiectasis. … Pneumonia. … Pleural Effusion.More items…•

What are the symptoms of respiratory diseases?

Common Respiratory Disease SymptomsDifficulty Breathing. While it’s common to feel a shortness of breath during exercise, if it doesn’t go away—or is present when you aren’t exerting yourself—you should be concerned. … Stubborn Cough. … Breathing Noisily. … Lingering Chest Pain. … Chronic Mucus. … Coughing Up Blood.

How can I check my lungs at home?

How do you measure your lung capacity? A common method is using a Peak Flow Meter, a handheld device that measures the strength of your breath. You simply breathe into one end and the meter instantly shows a reading on a scale, typically in liters per minute (lpm).

How can you prevent chronic lower respiratory disease?

Prevent Lung DiseaseSTOP SMOKING. Smoking damages your lungs and increases your risk for a number of diseases including lung cancer and COPD. … TEACH KIDS SMOKING STINKS. … AVOID SECOND- AND THIRD-HAND SMOKE. … WASH YOUR HANDS. … COVER YOUR COUGHS. … CONVERT YOUR FIREPLACE. … CLEAN HOUSE. … CHECK YOUR HOME FOR RADON.More items…•

How do you know if you have a lower respiratory infection?

Lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) is a term often used as a synonym for pneumonia but can also be applied to other types of infection including lung abscess and acute bronchitis. Symptoms include shortness of breath, weakness, fever, coughing and fatigue.

What does a lower respiratory infection feel like?

Severe cough. Rapid breathing or difficulty breathing. Wheezing. Skin turning a blue color due to lack of oxygen.

What is the most common respiratory disease?

The most common lung diseases include:Asthma.Collapse of part or all of the lung (pneumothorax or atelectasis)Swelling and inflammation in the main passages (bronchial tubes) that carry air to the lungs (bronchitis)COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)Lung cancer.Lung infection (pneumonia)More items…•

What is the 6 minute walk test for COPD?

During this test, you walk at your normal pace for six minutes. This test can be used to monitor your response to treatments for heart, lung and other health problems. This test is commonly used for people with pulmonary hypertension, interstitial lung disease, pre-lung transplant evaluation or COPD.

Is asthma a chronic lower respiratory disease?

1 CLRD encompasses chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis; as well as asthma, pulmonary hypertension, and occupational lung diseases.

What are the early signs of lung disease?

Common signs are:Trouble breathing.Shortness of breath.Feeling like you’re not getting enough air.Decreased ability to exercise.A cough that won’t go away.Coughing up blood or mucus.Pain or discomfort when breathing in or out.

What are 3 examples of chronic respiratory diseases?

The term chronic respiratory diseases (CRDs) describes a range of diseases of the airways and the other structures of the lungs. They include asthma and respiratory allergies, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), occupational lung diseases, sleep apnea syndrome and pulmonary hypertension.

Is asthma upper or lower respiratory?

When you have asthma, any upper respiratory infection — like a cold or the flu — can affect your lungs, causing inflammation and airway narrowing. It is important to take measures to stay healthy and be aware of any asthma symptoms, even mild, so that you avoid a more serious asthma attack.

How do I know if my lungs are bad?

If your lungs are damaged, or if you have a serious illness like COPD, emphysema or lung cancer, you may experience one or more of the following symptoms: Shortness of breath during simple activities. Pain when breathing. Dizziness with a change in activity.