Question: Which Of The Following Actions Should Be Taken During A Biological Attack?

What is a bioterrorist attack?

A biological attack, or bioterrorism, is the intentional release of viruses, bacteria, or other germs that can sicken or kill people, livestock, or crops.

Bacillus anthracis, the bacteria that causes anthrax, is one of the most likely agents to be used in a biological attack..

What does the National Guard do in natural disasters?

On the ground, Army officials say more than 300,000 National Guard troops are trained and ready to assist with hurricane response including evacuations, communications, delivering supplies and maintaining order. Along with its military workforce, the Guard also deploys helicopters, boats and high-water vehicles.

Who is the first line of defense in emergency preparedness?

Local governments are the first line of defense against emergencies. When needed, they serve as the link between individuals and the emergency response and recovery efforts carried out by State and Federal government.

When has bioterrorism been used?

Use of Biological Weapons During Antiquities, Middle Ages and Colonial Period. Contagious diseases and other biological weapons were recognized for their potential impact on armies or people as early as the 14th century BC (Table 1).

What can be done to combat bioterrorism?

Elements of preparedness include vaccinating military personnel against anthrax and other diseases caused by biological weapons; developing methods for the rapid detection of biological threat agents; developing and stockpiling vaccines and antimicrobial drugs that could be used to protect the public against diseases …

What are the 3 bioterrorism threat levels?

The biological weapons as per the CDC classification are classified into three categories, Category A, B and C, as given in Table 1, based on the priority of the agents to pose a risk to the national security and the ease with which they can be disseminated [7].

What are the effects of bioterrorism?

TABLE 1BioterrorismSpeed at which attack results in effectDelayed and/or prolongedSite of attackUnknownbKnowledge of attack boundaries or scopeScope or boundaries unknownDistribution of affected patientsGeographically dispersed, particularly in event of human-to-human transmission of disease4 more rows

How has anthrax been used as a weapon?

Anthrax has been used as a weapon around the world for nearly a century. In 2001, powdered anthrax spores were deliberately put into letters that were mailed through the U.S. postal system. Twenty-two people, including 12 mail handlers, got anthrax, and five of these 22 people died.

Is bioterrorism a real threat?

Attacks with biological weapons are indeed a real threat and the responsible government agencies need to be aware of this. However, the actual likelihood of such attacks currently seems to be low compared to that of naturally emerging agents.

What are biological threats?

Biological agents are bacteria, viruses, and toxins that can disable or kill people, animals, and crops. Visit these sites to learn what you can do before, during, and after a biological threat. Bioterrorism. Learn about what biological agents are and what may cause them to spread.

When would the National Guard become involved in a disaster?

9. When would the National Guard become involved in a disaster? When a disaster overwhelms the local community’s resources, then the state’s Department or Office of Emergency Management is called for assistance.

When was the last bioterrorist attack?

Another potential agent of bioterrorism is smallpox, which, unlike anthrax, can spread from person to person. Smallpox is no longer a disease of concern in the natural world — because concerted vaccination efforts stamped it out — and the last naturally spread case occurred in 1977.

What is the most deadly biological weapon?

Bacillus anthracis bacteria, which causes anthrax, is one of the most deadly agents to be used as a biological weapon. It is classified by the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as a Category A agent, posing a significant risk to national security.

Is Ebola considered bioterrorism?

Ebola virus and other viruses that cause hemorrhagic fever are considered possible bioterrorism agents because the viruses could be intentionally released, spread from person to person, and cause severe disease or death.